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Title: Cognitive maps of individuals with blindness for familiar and unfamiliar spaces: Construction through audio-tactile maps and walked experience
Authors: Papadopoulos, Konstantinos
Koustriava, Eleni
Barouti, Marialena
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences::Psychology::Psychology, special (including: therapy for learning, speech, hearing, visual and other physical and mental disabilities)
FRASCATI::Social sciences::Educational sciences::Education, special (including:to gifted persons, those with learning disabilities)
Keywords: Blindness
Spatial knowledge
Cognitive maps
Audio-tactile maps
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Computers in Human Behavior
Volume: 75
First Page: 376
Last Page: 384
Abstract: Though individuals with visual impairments are able to form mental representations of space, it is critical to investigate the way they develop or update their cognitive maps taking a closer look at quantitative and qualitative data on them. The aims of the present study were to examine the ability of individuals with blindness to create cognitive maps of routes in familiar and unfamiliar areas through the use of audio-tactile maps, and to compare these cognitive maps with those created after independent movement in the real environment regarding their precision and inclusiveness. Thirty adults with blindness participated in this study. The findings of the present study reflect the positive effect of audio-tactile maps on cognitive map creation and, thus, their effect on the spatial knowledge of people with blindness. Moreover, the findings featured the dominance of the audio-tactile map over walking experience, since the participants formed more complete cognitive maps after having explored the audio-tactile map than walking along the route in the unfamiliar area.
ISSN: 0747-5632
Other Identifiers: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.04.057
Appears in Collections:Department of Educational & Social Policy

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