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Title: Greek and Turkish reciprocal minorities: Α silenced dispute at the border zone of democracy
Authors: Özgünes, Meriç
Tsitselikis, Konstantinos
Editors: Heraclides, Alexis
Alioğlu Çakmak, Gizem
Type: Book chapter
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences
Keywords: Greece
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Routledge
First Page: 109
Last Page: 127
Volume Title: Greece and Turkey in Conflict and Cooperation: From Europeanization to de-Europeanization
Abstract: Muslims in Greece and non-Muslims in Turkey have historically found themselves in an ambivalent, mirrored status of legal protection, one which has often been undermined for political and ideological reasons. Their religious, educational, and other institutions have been subject to distinct legal norms based on a communal perception resembling the autonomy that the Ottoman Empire had reserved for the non-Muslim millets . The pre-modern Ottoman millet divisions partly found their final expression in the formation of the nation-states of the Balkans during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Christian states that seceded from the Ottoman Empire (Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, and Serbia) borrowed from the millet system to lay out the institutional and legal framework of Muslim communities that remained within their borders. This model prevailed in Turkey also, and was used to govern the same non-Muslim minorities that the empire had recognized as millets - namely, Greek-Orthodox (Rum Ortodoks/Romioi), Armenians, and Jews.In Greece and Turkey the notion of citizenship was strongly influenced by a post-Ottoman perception of ethnicity and turned into a theory of racial continuity of both nations based on the ‘Greek genos’ and the ‘Turkish ırk’.
ISBN: 9781138301887
Electronic ISBN: 9780203732151
Other Identifiers: 10.4324/9780203732151-7
Appears in Collections:Department of Balkan, Slavic & Oriental Studies

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