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Title: Does empathy change during undergraduate medical education? - A meta-analysis
Authors: Spatoula, Vasiliki
Panagopoulou, Efharis
Montgomery, Anthony
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences
Subjects MESH: Education, Medical, Undergraduate
Students, Medical
Surveys and Questionnaires
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Medical teacher
Volume: 41
Issue: 8
First Page: 895
Last Page: 904
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the existing evidence examining how empathy changes during undergraduate medical education and assess whether different types of measures produce different results. Method: Three electronic bibliographic databases were last searched on 28 November 2018. Quantitative studies including a measure of empathy in medical undergraduate students and a comparison of the results among the different years of study were included. All analyses were guided by Lipsey and Wilson and conducted using Comprehensive Meta- Analysis software. Results: The overall sample size for the twelve studies (n¼12) was 4906 participants. Results indicate a significant effect (g¼0.487, SE¼0.113, 95% CI¼0.265, 0.709), suggesting that there is moderate evidence that empathy scores changed. Studies using the Jefferson’s Scale for Physician Empathy (JSPE) reported higher effect sizes (g¼0.834, SE¼0.219, 95% CI¼0.406, 1.263), while the effect size for studies using other scales was smaller and non-significant (g¼0.099, SE¼0.052, 95% CI¼ 0.003, 0.201). Conclusions: This review indicated significant evidence that self-ratings of empathy changed across the years of medical education. However, we need to be cautious because this effect was only significant when empathy was assessed using the JSPE.
ISSN: 0142-159X
Electronic ISSN: 1466-187X
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1584275
Appears in Collections:Department of Educational & Social Policy

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