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Title: Are future enlargement candidate countries converging with the EU?
Authors: Kollias, Christos
Messis, Petros
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences::Economics and Business::Econometrics
Keywords: Convergence
Panel unit root tests
EU candidate countries
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Empirica
Volume: 47
Issue: 3
First Page: 453
Last Page: 473
Abstract: The paper addresses the issue of convergence with the EU for nine countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Moldova, Serbia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Montenegro and Ukraine. All that are at different stages of EU candidacy that could eventually lead to full membership. Some are officially recognized as candidate countries while others are at the stage of an association agreement. The presence of convergence is examined in terms of two macroeconomic indices: GDP per capita and GDP per person employed. Panel unit root tests as well as univariate unit root tests are estimated for the period 1997–2016. In broad terms, the empirical findings reported herein indicate a lack of convergence with the EU irrespective of the metric used. However, they indicate a process of in-group convergence mostly in terms of GDP per person employed.
ISSN: 0340-8744
Other Identifiers: 10.1007/s10663-019-09442-9
Appears in Collections:Department of Accounting & Finance

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