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Title: Supervisor-subordinate relationships and employee performance appraisals: a multi-source investigation in Croatia
Authors: Varma, Arup
Zilic, Ivana
Katou, Anastasia A.
Blajic, Branimir
Jukic, Nenad
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences
Keywords: Croatia
Performance appraisals
Supervisor-subordinate relationships
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Emerald
Source: Employee Relations: The International Journal
Volume: 43
Issue: 1
First Page: 45
Last Page: 62
Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine supervisor-subordinate relationships and their impact on performance appraisal in Croatia. Specifically, we were interested in examining how supervisor-subordinate relationships impact subordinate perceptions of performance evaluation and the subordinate’s reactions to the performance evaluation. Design/methodology/approach – This paper uses matched data from a sample of supervisors and subordinates (n =53) in a leading organization in the hospitality industry in Croatia, as well as objective performance appraisal data to examine the impact of supervisor-subordinate relationships on subordinate reactions to performance appraisal. Findings – The key findings of this study include (1) supervisor trustworthiness determines the quality of their relationship with subordinates and leads to interpersonal liking, and (2) supervisor-subordinate relationship quality has a significant impact on subordinate reactions to performance appraisal process and outcomes. Research limitations/implications – The overall sample size (n=53) of this study is small, and limits our ability to make generalizations beyond a point. Also, since the sample included only Croatian individuals, the findings maybe an artifact of the fact that they all hold similar values. Future studies should examine these relationships in supervisor-subordinate dyads comprised of individuals of different cultural backgrounds. Practical implications – Supervisors should attempt to have high quality relationships with most, if not all, subordinates, as this would lead to higher acceptance of the performance appraisal process, which can impact future performance. Also, trustworthiness is closely related to the subordinate’s perception of the quality of relationship he/she shares with the supervisor. Originality/value – This is the first known paper to empirically study performance appraisal processes and relationships in Croatia, which also included both supervisor and subordinate perspectives.
ISSN: 0142-5455
Other Identifiers: 10.1108/ER-06-2019-0248
Appears in Collections:Department of Business Administration

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