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Title: A process-aware approach for blockchain-based verification of academic qualifications
Authors: Nousias, Nikolaos
Tsakalidis, George
Michoulis, George
Petridou, Sophia
Vergidis, Kostas
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences::Economics and Business::Business and Management
FRASCATI::Natural sciences::Computer and information sciences
Keywords: Blockchain vertical application
BPMN process modeling
Ethereum blockchain
ERC-20 token
Academic qualification
Issue Date: Dec-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory
Volume: 121
First Page: 102642
Abstract: The global trend of credentialism as well as increased mobility in studies and work bring new requirements regarding the verification of academic qualifications. So far, traditional nostrification processes face challenges related to high process cycle times, elevated fees, and fraud incidents. In the higher education domain, blockchain-based approaches have emerged to revitalize the verification of academic qualifications, but they mostly rely on closed concepts offering their facility to a limited circle of entities. As a result, the verification of degrees is not publicly available to any third party. Moreover, in most cases, a concise process-aware approach describing the intended functionality with appropriate models is missing; this absence raises ambiguity and trust issues in the implemented application. This paper presents the design and early implementation of the VerDe (Verified Degrees) platform; a proposed blockchain-based application for registration and verification of academic qualifications. The novelty of the approach presented in this paper is the implementation of VerDe as a decentralized application utilizing Business Process Model & Notation (BPMN). This work demonstrates that usage of BPMN constructs provides an efficient method in addressing blockchain usability and complexity issues and facilitates the design and implementation of blockchain-based applications. The benefits of deploying VerDe in conjunction with BPMN are an efficient and transparent facility able to handle mobility consequences, detect fraud, and overcome administrative barriers by offering the verification capability to any third-party, and employing a custom-made token that emulates the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).
ISSN: 1569-190X
Other Identifiers: 10.1016/j.simpat.2022.102642
Appears in Collections:Department of Applied Informatics

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