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Title: Are candidate countries converging with the EU in terms of the Copenhagen political criteria?
Authors: Kollias, Christos
Messis, Petros
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences::Political science::Political science
Keywords: Copenhagen criteria
unit root tests
structural breaks
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
Source: European Politics and Society
Volume: 23
Issue: 5
First Page: 639
Last Page: 659
Abstract: The Copenhagen criteria for EU accession are the essential preconditions that candidate countries must satisfy to be deemed eligible for membership. In line with the strand of the literature that focuses on candidate countries’ convergence with the EU, the paper examines whether converge with the EU in terms of the Copenhagen political criteria can be established empirically for candidate and potential-candidate countries. Currently, the candidate country status is granted to Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo are recognised by the EU as potential candidate countries. In addition to the candidate and potential candidate countries, we include in the convergence tests the six countries of the Eastern Partnership EU policy: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine. Using unit root tests, convergence is examined in terms of two indices drawn from the Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) project: the Liberal democracy and the Civil liberties indices. The findings reported herein, are not uniform and on the whole offer only scant evidence in favour of the convergence hypothesis. For some of the candidate and potential candidate countries convergence is established, while for others the results do not point to such a process.
ISSN: 2374-5118
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/23745118.2021.1927374
Appears in Collections:Department of Accounting & Finance

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