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Title: Human resources flexibility as a mediating mechanism between high-performance work systems and organizational performance: a multilevel quasi-longitudinal study
Authors: Katou, Anastasia
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Social sciences
Keywords: High Performance Work Systems
Human Resources flexibility
Organizational performance
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited
Source: EuroMed Journal of Business
Volume: 17
Issue: 2
First Page: 174
Last Page: 192
Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of High Performance Work Systems (HPWS) on organisational performance through the mediating role of Human Resources (HR) flexibility (expressed by functional flexibility, skills malleability, and behavioural flexibility). Design/methodology/approach – The study examines theoretical relationships in the Greek context, which reflects changing economic and financial crisis, based on multilevel structural equation modelling estimation, using three waves of sample data collected in years 2014, 2016 and 2018 from organizations operating in the private sector. Findings – The study finds that although HPWS positively influences all three HR flexibility dimensions, this positive effect is not transferred equally to organizational performance. The dominant effect on organizational performance is attributed to skills malleability, a smaller effect to behavioural flexibility, whist a negligible effect to functional flexibility. Research limitations/implications – Although the data collected refer to three different years, most of the companies and individuals responded to sampling were different. As such, the study does not allow for dynamic causal inferences due to its quasi-longitudinal nature. Practical implications – The findings of this study may influence managerial decisions in developing bundles of HPWS policies and practices in relation to HR flexibility attributes. Originality/value – Since most studies consider HR flexibility as an aggregated construct, this study is possibly of the very few studies that is examining the differential impact of the HR flexibility dimensions on organizational performance in turbulent times.
ISSN: 1450-2194
Other Identifiers: 10.1108/EMJB-11-2020-0120
Appears in Collections:Department of Business Administration

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