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Title: Gendered personality traits and entrepreneurial intentions: insights from information technology education
Authors: Sitaridis, Ioannis
Kitsios, Fotis C.
Type: Article
Subjects: FRASCATI::Engineering and technology::Other engineering and technologies
FRASCATI::Social sciences::Economics and Business::Business and Management
Keywords: Entrepreneurial Intention
Entrepreneurship Education and Training
Gender Schemas
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2022
Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited
Source: Education + Training
Volume: 64
Issue: 7
First Page: 1018
Last Page: 1034
Abstract: Purpose Entrepreneurial intention of students is frequently used in entrepreneurship research as an indicator of creativity, innovativeness and entrepreneurial mindset. The entrepreneurship courses offered by engineering disciplines do not always have the expected outcomes, while differences are observed on students' entrepreneurial intention. These differences sometimes stem from the stereotypical beliefs about entrepreneurship, in favor of masculinity. Although these anachronistic perceptions gradually fade in the society, personality traits attributed to “traditional” gender schemas still have an impact on students' career choices, especially in academic fields considered “masculine,” such as information technology. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of gender-typed personality (GTP) on students' entrepreneurial intentions (EI) and identify differences between genders. Design/methodology/approach The impact of GTP traits on students' entrepreneurial intention is examined using gender schema theory and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) based on a sample of 321 university students of information technology. Structural equation models are used for the investigation of causal effects and group differences. Findings The results indicate significant interaction of GTP traits on the EI for both male and female students. However, no significant differences were found in the perception of gender schemas between males and females, which clearly suggests that the attribution of these traits to a specific gender nowadays is false. Originality/value The results offer convincing explanation of the differences observed in EI between the two genders and have both theoretical and practical implications for entrepreneurship education.
ISSN: 0040-0912
Other Identifiers: 10.1108/ET-12-2020-0378
Appears in Collections:Department of Applied Informatics

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